Monday, February 24, 2020
Learning diversity and authentic assessment tools - Essay Example EVALUATION: For evaluation purposes, the teacher will use a series of impromptu and written tests that will be given at the end of the lesson (Ahrenfelt, J. and N. Watkin, 2006). This will be important in helping to ascertain the extent to which the learning objectives are attained. As a tutor, I would like to report that this lesson was well organized. In fact, it is the best lesson I as a teacher has designed for use in my class. It is really accommodative and can help to cater for the varied interests, abilities, likes, dislikes and weaknesses of learners in a typical class environment (Skowron, J., 2006). As we all understand, an ideal class has a combination of weak and strong learners. In such a case, it is the responsibility of the teacher to design a lesson plan that will create a conducive environment for all of them. A good teacher should not leave any of the learners behind. Since this lesson plan has a combination of both the expository and heuristic strategies, it puts the lesson in a better position because these strategies if well used, will create an ample time for the tutor to explore either the lecture, discussion, small group method, questioning or other methods to teach it. Besides, the use of questioning method is vital because it puts the learner in a position of actively participating in the lesson. Taban, a great educationist once said that a teacher who does not ask questions does not teach. Similarly, the kinds of objectives set prior to this lesson were very feasible and could be very important in helping to impart the desired knowledge to the learners. They were aiming at achieving both the cognitive, affective and psychomotor objectives of learning. This is what will definitely lead to a complete learning process that cuts across the three levels of objectives. More importantly, since this was a science lesson, the choice of experimentation can actually assist in fulfilling the affective aspect because it will require the learners
Friday, February 7, 2020
Role of magazines in the 21st century and how has their form changed physically and has this involved a change in the content of perfect beauty - Essay Example American women responded well to the idea of readymade clothing. The ready to wear industry flourished with the help of fashion advertising. Evolution of the fashion saw the change of the concept of "perfect beauty" from the simple innocent look to the exposure of much skin. Other online fashion magazines like the Dwell and Martha Stewart were introduced whose concept of Ã¢â¬Å"ultimate beautyÃ¢â¬ was majored on body features, the slim and trim hipped-woman. As opposed to the audience in vogue and HaperÃ¢â¬â¢s bazar, who are mostly conservative in nature, theirs was a revolutionary woman who exposed most of her skin. Evolution of the fashion in America took many shapes as many designers resulted to designing different types of clothes. Givenchy dressed Audrey Hepburn; her fashion presented the feeling of taller, high, covering high top-knots, long legs, small, midriffs, pretty legs and exquisite clothes. This fashion sense revolutionized to Pierre cardin who exemplified fashion in the school girl look which depicted the perfect young girl look that was simple and portraying the feminine figure. Later, Courreges presented the futuristic Ã¢â¬Ëspace-age Ã¢â¬Ëcollection which had suits, dresses and trousers which were more sculpted as opposed to being sewn. This presented the sophisticated look of the mid-sixties. American designers started designed topless bathing suit which was known as the monobikini and the following year he designed lingerie and consequently seamless dresses. This fashion special influence was the exposure of much skin. The introduction of the internet and the Web 2.0 has enabled many people to share information faster and also share their photographs. This has made many photos of celebrities to be available for copying and enumeration. Such information is shared in different social media like twitter and Instagram. The fashion sense from 2003 and 2013 has changed very much with more
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Outback Steakhouse Case Essay Outback has clearly defined strategic goals that give a clear sense of where the company is headed in the future. The company intends to drive its future growth though a four pronged strategy. First, they want to continue to expand in the U.S. with an additional 300-350 Outback concept restaurants. They also plan to develop a second system of franchise restaurants called Carabbas. After that, the founders may develop additional themed restaurants, and branch out into international franchising. To achieve these goals, several operational goals have been defined. The owners will continue to focus on the development of Outback, because Ã¢â¬Å"there is still a lot of work left to do there.Ã¢â¬ Also, expanding Outback to greater levels will provide a strong foundation for the Carabbas venture. As Joe Coffer said, Ã¢â¬Å"I see [Outback] as the McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s of the future, except a step up.Ã¢â¬ The operational strategy right now is to continue expanding Outback operations, and continuing to build their reputation as the premier mid-level steakhouse. There are many standing plans outlined in the text, but two of note deal with the promotional strategy and staff training. All job candidates for the restaurant staff are required to pass an aptitude test that assesses basic skills such as making change. Also, every candidate is interviewed by two people, and undergoes psychological profiling. With regards to promotion, Outback does local advertising on billboards and TV, but most of their promotion is done through community involvement. Actions speak louder than words, and the founders know that Ã¢â¬â their community involvement helps Ã¢â¬Å"build friends and an image of great food at a great price.Ã¢â¬ A single use plan was put into effect when the company needed additional venture capital to fund OutbackÃ¢â¬â¢s early stages. They planned to offer a portion of the company for public sale. A project schedule was developed, outlining exactly what was needed for the plan to be a success. They needed to raise at least 1.5 million to finance the purchase of equipment for the next year. They wanted to sell enough stock, priced at about 20% of the highest restaurant stock, to finance about 18 months of operation. Their well-defined project schedule paid off, and by 1994, sixty-eight million dollars were raised. 1. The Outback Steakhouse uses various types of controls that ensure high quality, efficiency, and customer satisfaction. One feedforward control has been the development of the Outback kitchen. Bob Basham designed the kitchen for peak efficiency, occupying 45% of the area of the restaurant. Bob decided that by overdesigning the kitchen and underdesigning the dining area, the restaurant is better able to operate during times of peak demand, while maintaining a high level of quality. Controls are also used while the restaurant is in operation. The ratio of servers to customers at Outback is much lower than at the typical restaurant, and this is the key to OutbackÃ¢â¬â¢s outstanding customer service. Outback employees typically only handle three tables at a time, so customers are served more quickly, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel rushed when ordering. Feedback controls are used when a new restaurant is opened and new employees are hired. The restaurant staff has four practice nights when charity events are held or the local media are entertained, before the restaurant is actually opened to the public. This gives the new employees some experience, but also provides a basis for discussion afterwards. By discussing the events of the practice nights, areas requiring improvement can be identified before the restaurant is open to the public. In a way, this is both a feedback and a feedforward control. External controls are not used extensively at Outback because of the relati vely informal organizational structure. Of course, company policy and procedures would be outlined during the orientation process, but there is not always a manager or supervisor watching you. The closest thing to external control outlined in the case would be Tim GannonÃ¢â¬â¢s meeting and training sessions Ã¢â¬â upper management ensuring that the front-liners are behaving in a way that is consistent with the Outback philosophy. Internal controls are emphasized at Outback, through self-directed learning and personal growth. Trudy Cooper calls it the Ã¢â¬Å"learn-teach-learn approach.Ã¢â¬ As Chris Suiilvan explains, Ã¢â¬Å"Outback gives people a lot of opportunity to make some mistakes, learn, and go on.Ã¢â¬ 2. Both positional and personal power are utilized at Outback. The attention that Outback employees get during the hiring and training process would fall under legitimate power. The people that are training the new employees are experienced, knowledgeable workers the new employees are clearly their subordinates. However, aptitude testing and one-on-one training would make them feel important. Such attention can be strenuous and intimidating, but in the long-run this attention would send the message that the company cares and wants you to excel. Referent power is one of the most beneficial types of power to have in an organization, but is also one of the most difficult to create. At the ten meetings per year that Tim Gannon holds with staff members, referent power is utilized because Tim sounds like a cool guy. Employees work hard for him because he earns their respect and people want him to like them. Also, experience power would be present because of TimÃ¢â¬â¢s extensive management knowledge and experience. People respect him because of the years he has invested in Outback. On the positional power side, reward power is used almost exclusively. Outback has provided ownership opportunities at three levels: at the individual restaurant level, through joint venture and franchise opportunities, and though the employee stock option plan. The first two opportunities require an initial investment, but the return is excellent. The stock option plan, I think, is an excellent idea, because it benefits everyone, and rewards loyalty and hard work. You are rewarded in proportion to what you have contributed to the success of the venture.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Effects of Deforestation The subject of deforestation and the effects that it has on the environment have been heavily debated for a long time; particularly over the last few years. Governments and large lumber companies see large profits in the mass deforestation of forests and state that their actions are having few, if any, harmful effects on the environment. Most people disagree with this and think that the environmental effects are devastating and will become irreversibly disastrous in the very near future. Whether or not the pros outweigh the cons will be hotly debated for years to come but the fact is that deforestation is harmful to the environment and leads to declining wildlife populations, drastic changes in climate and loss of soil. The loss of forests means the loss of habitats for many species. Current statistics show that as many as 100 species become extinct every day with a large portion being attributed to deforestation (Delfgaauw, 1996). "Edge effects" are the destruction or degradation of natural habitat that occur on the fringes of fragmented forests. The effects for the animals include greater exposure to the elements (wind, rain etcÃ¢â¬ ¦), other non-forest animals and humans (Dunbar, 1993). This unnatural extinction of species endangers the world's food supply, threatens many human resources and has profound implications for biological diversity. Another negative environmental impact of deforestation is that it causes climate changes all over the world. As we learned in elementary school, plant life is essential to life on earth as it produces much of the oxygen that is required for humans and other organisms to breathe. The massive destruction of trees negatively effects the quantity and quality of the air we breathe which has direct repercussions on the quantity and quality of life among both humans and animals alike. With this reduced amount of vital plant life comes the increase of carbon dioxide levels in the earth's atmosphere. With these increased levels of CO-2 come unnatural changes in weather patterns both locally and globally. "The removal of forests would cause rainfall to decline more than 26%. The average temperature of soil will rise and a decline of 30% in the amount of moisture will evaporate into the atmosphere" (Delfgaauw, 1996). This leads to the global warming phenomenon which is also directly related to the declining amounts of forest areas on the earth. Soil erosion caused by deforestation is also a major concern among even the most amateur environmentalists: "When rain falls, some may sink to the ground, some may run off the surface of the land, and flowing down towards the rivers and some may evaporate.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Paul McHenry RobertsÃ¢â¬â¢ 1956 article, Ã¢â¬Å"How to Say Nothing in Five Hundred Words,Ã¢â¬ deals with the common traps faced by many young writers while writing essays. His advice includes tips on making a dull subject exciting, engaging the reader with unexpected topics and arguments, and developing a fully thought out essay that will be sure to earn a good grade in the classroom. Roberts says to come up with a list of arguments off hand and write them down but do not use any of them, as they are most likely overused and predictable. Instead he suggests to take the path most people would avoid, since it will most likely be easier to make your writing interesting. In addition, do not overuse generalities by never truly getting into a subject. Include facts and stories to get readers interested, instead of a dull sentence with your point of view. Roberts says to get rid of the extra words that fill papers and really give no extra value to your writing. He calls this Ã¢â¬Å"paddingÃ¢â¬ in your paper. It is just a way to reach your word goal without saying much at all. Come up with more real content and take out the extra. Give your ideas and then prove why you are correct. Whatever you need to say, say it without apologizing. Roberts advises writers to avoid overused, common expressions such as, Ã¢â¬Å"over my dead bodyÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"under cover of darknessÃ¢â¬ . He says even the best writers cannot avoid them all together, but they should only be used when nothing else seems to fit, as they add nothing special to the paper. The last of Professor RobertsÃ¢â¬â¢ recommendations is the importance of using Ã¢â¬Å"colorful, colored and colorless words.Ã¢â¬ Using colorful words paints the reader a picture and describes a subject further, although sometimes there may be no need to do so. Colored words are words that everyone can associate with, or would have mutual feelings towards. These include certain people, places or things anyone can relate to. Writers must be careful when using words that lack a strong emotional association with their audience, as failure to do so will send the wrong message. Similarly, colorless words are words that are common and have a very general meaning. They fail to add much when used to describe a subject and are recommended to be avoided when possible.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION According to Gary Dessler compensation refers to all forms of pay going to employees and arising from their employment. The phrase all forms of pay in the definition does not include non-financial benefits, but all the direct and indirect financial compensations. Compensation is a systematic approach to providing monetary value to employees in exchange for work performed. Compensation may achieve several purposes assisting in recruitment, job performance, and job satisfaction. Compensation systems are basically developed to reward employees behavior so that they are lead to accomplish organizations overall goals and objectives. How is compensation used? Compensation is a tool used by management for a variety ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Conduct a job analysis of all positions. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Conduct a general task analysis by major departments. What tasks must be accomplished by whom? Ã¢â¬ ¢ Get input from senior vice presidents of marketing, finance, sales, administration, production, and other appropriate departments to determine the organizational structure and primary functions of each. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Interview department managers and key employees, as necessary, to determine their specific job functions. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Decide which job classifications should be exempt and which should be nonexempt. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Develop model job descriptions for exempt and nonexempt positions and distribute the models to incumbents for review and comment; adjust job descriptions if necessary. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Develop a final draft of job descriptions. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Meet with department managers, as necessary, to review job descriptions. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Finalize and document all job descriptions. Evaluate jobs. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Rank the jobs within each senior vice presidents and managers department, and then rank jobs between and among departments. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Verify ranking by comparing it to industry market data concerning the ranking, and adjust if necessary. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Prepare a matrix organizational review. Ã¢â¬ ¢ On the basis of required tasks and forecasted business plans, develop a matrix of jobs crossing lines and departments. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Compare the matrix with data from both the company structure and the industrywide market. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Prepare flow charts of all ranks for each department for ease of interpretation and assessment. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Present dataShow MoreRelatedEmployee Compensation3771 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesEMPLOYEE COMPENSATION According to Gary Dessler compensation refers to all forms of pay going to employees and arising from their employment. The phrase all forms of pay in the definition does not include non-financial benefits, but all the direct and indirect financial compensations. Compensation is a systematic approach to providing monetary value to employees in exchange for work performed. Compensation may achieve several purposes assisting in recruitment, job performance, and job satisfactionRead MoreEmployee Compensation And Benefits Package Essay905 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction Ã¢â¬â Employee Compensation and Benefits This paper will outline an employee compensation and benefits package for a new hire for a secretary for the department. First, it will describe the organization I chose for designating a compensation package. Next, this paper will develop an employee compensation and benefits package for this new position. This paper will outline an employee compensation and benefits package for a new hire for a secretary for the department. First, it will describeRead MoreEmployee Compensation Programs Essay1416 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBenefits have most definitely changed throughout the past years. According to Compensation, during 1880 people worked approximately 14 hours every single day except on Sundays and would only receive a raise if they stayed with the company for five years and if the company prospered during that time (Gerhart, 2011, p. 414). Over the next couple of years, employees began seeing work hours change from 60-64 hours per week to 54 hours by the year 1930. Eventually, em ployees were able to have holidaysRead MoreEmployee Compensation And Benefits Packages Essay1537 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive workforce, compensation and benefit packages plays a crucial role on recruitment and retention for both the organization and the employee. Bumpbie finds itself in a situation where it could positively affect its employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s morale, turnover rate and longevity; by making a strategic decision to implement compensation and benefit packages that will encourage current workers to stay and entice new applicants. Money is not always the inherent reason businesses experienceRead MoreEmployee Compensation And Benefits Packages Essay1245 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEmployee Compensation and Benefits Organizations create compensation and benefits packages in order to attract the best talent. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s global economy it is imperative that organizations offer compensation packages that are competitive in order to recruit the very best talent in the world. However, in order to be successful, compensation packages must align with business strategies. Authors Ã¢â¬Å"Mathis, Jackson, and Valentine (2014) explain that an effective total rewards approach balances theRead More Employee Compensation and Turnover Essay2623 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesEmployee Compensation and Turnover Often, an excessively high turnover rate compared to the industry standard is a symptom of problems within the organization (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin Cardy 1998). Managers must realize that high staff turnover can prove costly, particularly to small businesses (Oliver 1998). Strategies have to be crafted that will minimize turnover and the costs associated with it. Although strategies used to retain employees can be expensive, turnover is a cyclical problemRead MoreEmployee Compensation and Corporate Culture- What Works1736 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAmir Hejazi Employee Compensation and Corporate Culture: What Works? When determining what method to use to compensate employees, a company must be aware of the impact that different compensation methods can have on employee performance, and on organizational culture. Unfortunately, there is no one-size-fits-all answer to the question of employee compensation. Some employees will respond very well to a program that other employees might balk at. Similarly, some companies or industries may flourishRead MoreEmployee Compensation : A Company2085 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagescompany you researched, its compensation strategy, best practices they are applying, and compensation-related challenges they are facing. Employee compensation is very important in any organization since it helps to mark the established relationship between the employer and employee. Compensation usually encompasses many motivating factors that act as a catalyst to an employee in the cause of work. It has been discovered that organizations with good compensation practices are able to maintainRead MoreEmployee Compensation Proposal1913 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesnot received a proper raise in a couple of years. All while the cost of living has increased. How this would be accomplished would be by proposing a bill to our local governor for him to pass the bill. In order for our employees to receive the compensation they deserve. The nature and extent of the problem is that my current employer does not pay their employees an hourly wage of $10.05/hr during the periods of travel from client to client. Instead they offer their employees $0.38/mile. The factorsRead MoreEmployee Compensation And Relational Analysis1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfor Employee Compensation of June 2017, release by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average compensation per hour worked in the United States in the month of June was $35.28. The wages and salaries of these workers were a total of $24.10 per hour correspondingly accounting for 68.3% of the cost. The benefits averaged a total of $11.18 per hour likewise reporting for 31.7% of the cost. (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2017) I incorporated an attached a pie chart to show the total compensation for all
Friday, December 27, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"We know what we are, but know not what we may be.Ã¢â¬ ~ William Shakespeare. It is not known if Shakespeare had any hand in the publications of his plays, in which he is so well known for. Ã¢â¬Å"Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them.Ã¢â¬ ~ William Shakespeare. Was he just born great? Did he simply achieve greatness? Did he have it thrust upon him due to the changing times in which he lived? So many questions remain, even though more is known about William Shakespeare than any other person of his time. William Shakespeare was born April 23, 1564 and was baptized April 26, 1594. He was the third of eight children born to John and Mary Shakespeare. Out of his eight siblings, he is one of the few who escaped the Black Plague, which was a reoccurring horror so well known at the time. Some of the most known literary pieces of our modern world are among is thirty-eight plays and 154 sonnets, yet like many other writers of the time, his works did not become famous till long after he was gone. Not much is known of William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s early life except that he most likely attended KingÃ¢â¬â¢s New School, which focused on Latin and writing. He married Anne Hathaway, who at the time was twenty-six, when he was eighteen. A bond was signed to protect the bishop who married them due to the fact the marriage was considered illegal. Shakespeare was still considered a minor and Anne was pregnant at the time. Susanna was born May 26, 1583 and the twinsShow MoreRelatedThe Shakespeare Conspiracy Theory1561 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWilliam Shakespeare, by far one of the greatest playwrights of all time, is clouded with controversy. Rumors run rampant that he was nothing more than a non de plume for someone who wished to keep the anonymity of his identity. There have been names such as Edward De Vere the 17th Earl of Oxford, Sir Francis Bacon, even Queen Elizabeth herself was among those thought to be the true writer of the plays and poems. To start from the beginning of the controversy, the earliest actual documentation ofRead MoreRepresentation of Masculinity the Renaissance Family and Shakespeares Macbeth1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRepresentation of Masculinity the Renaissance Family and Shakespeares Macbeth Familiarity with Shakespeares work often leads to awareness to the representation of masculinity, gender roles, and the patriarchal order as these subjects are often greatly reflected in his writing. Renaissance concept of order meant there was a shift from what used to be an Open Lineage Family, to a Restricted Patriarchal Nuclear Family. In turn, Renaissance families saw an increase in obligationsRead MoreEssay on The Authorship of Shakespeare1647 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShakespeare was a playwright from Stratford who had arguably the most influential affect on English literature and the English language. His works are still praised to this day for their divine superiority, however, controversy in exceeding amounts has risen over the dispute of his authorship. This controversy has been the topic of many arguments between differently opinionated scholars who support opposing theories and beliefs (Friedman XV). A difficult dilemma confronts biographers who tellRead More The Admirable Lieutenant in Othello1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOthello, William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s moving tragedy, gives the audience a number of victims, one of whom is Cassio. But this rugged guy keeps recovering and coming back to enter the fray. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s talk about him in detail. Kenneth Muir, in the Introduction to William Shakespeare: Othello, explains the ins and outs of CassioÃ¢â¬â¢s personality: Cassio is defined partly by the exigencies of the plot, which require him to have a poor head for drinking and to have a mistress; but his chivalric worship of DesdemonaRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare: Still Influencing People Today Essay1526 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWilliam Shakespeare was an English man with an unmatched way of approaching poetry, theater and playwriting. William Shakespeare has an outstanding reign of playwrights including some highly famous ones such as Romeo and Juliet(), The Tempest() and Hamlet(). He has influenced many walks of life and has set the stepping stone for other forms of entertainment. 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For the last five-hundred years, this highly regarded piece of literature has been studied by countless students and intellectuals. One of the many methods scholars use to interpret a piece of literature is through the feminist perspective. Feminism is defined as the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men (Ã¢â¬Å"FeminismÃ¢â¬ ). Although one can use a feminist lens to interpretRead MoreEssay on William Shakespeares Macbeth1483 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Macbeth During the Elizabethan era, the great chain of being reigned. Women were low on this chain of power, and men were on top. In fact, women were below horses; you couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t live without a good horse, but, you could live without a wife. Lady Macbeth was a woman before her time, she was caught between being todayÃ¢â¬â¢s ambitious, powerful modern woman and a fragile creature of the Elizabethan era. In the first four acts of Macbeth, Lady Macbeth is vicious, overly ambitiousRead MoreThe Catcher Of The Rye, By J. D. Salinger1699 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFrom the beginning of time, achieving success and greatness has been the ultimate human goal. Success can be found in many different forms, from ruling a Roman empire to receiving a high grade on a test. SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s view of success has changed throughout generations, urging people to conform to societyÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs in order to fulfill their goals and dreams. The theme of success and fulfillment are evident in literature and theatre pieces that were written centuries ago, and continue into novels writtenRead MoreSuccess And Prosperity Of Shakespeare s Macbeth And The Catcher 1710 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSuccess and Prosperity in Macbeth and The Catcher in the Rye From the beginning of time, achieving success and greatness has been the ultimate human goal. Success can be found in many different forms, from ruling a Roman empire to receiving a high grade on a test. SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s view of success has changed throughout generations, urging people to conform to societyÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs in order to fulfill their goals and dreams. The theme of success and fulfillment are evident in literature and theatre pieces that